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Covid and the Welsh Music Industries – Paul Carr |


Dwell Music Alternate Weblog


On this publish, Professor Paul Carr of the College of South Wales outlines a current report introduced to the Welsh Authorities’s Tradition, Welsh Language and Communications Committee on the impression of Covid-19 on the Welsh music industries. Right here, he summarises key findings and proposals, and displays on the method of conducting the analysis.

I’ve lengthy had an curiosity within the relationships between authorities coverage and the music industries, having been an expert musician for quite a lot of years previous to transferring into academia. After transferring to Wales in 2003, I shortly shaped a relationship with The Welsh Music Basis, a now defunct organisation that accomplished an excessive amount of good by way of being a central supply of knowledge and recommendation for stakeholders within the Welsh music industries. This relationship finally resulted within the first report I documented on stay music in 2011, which I introduced at two occasions (Kingston and Leeds) in 2012. A recording of the Dwell Music Alternate session in Leeds will be discovered right here.

This weblog publish is said to an intensive report I documented for the Tradition, Welsh Language and Communications Committee, which was printed final month on the Dwell Music Alternate web site. You may as well entry the report, some closing reflections and watch the proof session I gave to the Tradition, Welsh Language and Communications Committee through this hyperlink.

Though the report was focused in the direction of the Welsh music industries extra broadly, its major focus was stay music. This was for 2 causes:

  1. The Tradition, Welsh Language and Communications Committee had already been focusing its considerations on stay music previous to the pandemic. This was clearly interrupted, and my proof session was the final of the sequence of proof investigations.
  1. All specialists agree that stay music is the sub-sector that has been most impacted by the pandemic – that is mentioned at size in my report.

Earlier than I concentrate on some ‘publish report’ ideas, I wish to say just a few phrases concerning the development of the report and the method of knowledge gathering. The report is cut up into six Chapters (together with the introduction and conclusion) cumulating in 14 suggestions, which I define under.

After the Introduction, Chapter 1 outlines the contextual backstory of the emergence of personal and public assist for the music industries in Wales for the reason that pandemic commenced, with public assist falling into the next classes: music particular (for instance the Grassroots Music Reduction Fund managed by Artistic Wales); artistic/performing arts sector particular (for instance the £53 million ‘Cultural Restoration Fund’ allotted in July to the humanities and tradition sector as a part of the £59 million allotted to Wales by the UK authorities); and pan UK/pan sector (through the Coronavirus Jobs Retention Scheme (CJRS) or the Self-Employment Earnings Assist Scheme (SEISS) for instance). As a consequence of many music business stakeholders being ineligible for any of this public funding, this preliminary chapter additionally outlines the pan UK personal sector initiatives instigated by the likes of Assist Musicians UK, the Musicians’ Union and the Affiliation of Unbiased Musicians.

Chapter 2 begins by analyzing recommendation given to the music industries by the UK and Welsh Governments regarding roadmaps out of the pandemic, with each famous as being on comparable trajectories, though implementing distinct methodological approaches. Because the pandemic progressed, these distinct approaches have resulted in Welsh efficiency venues nonetheless not being open for enterprise, which induced concern and at instances confusion, as different nations similar to Germany, the Republic of Eire, France, Finland and certainly England appeared to have clearer, extra speedy protocols.

With a view to present additional context on the impression of the pandemic on the Welsh music industries, Chapter 3 focuses on present analysis, starting from UK primarily based business surveys (together with the evaluation of a undertaking instigated by the Forté Challenge) to tutorial analysis, together with journal articles, analysis tasks, symposia and extra casual ‘thought items’.

Entitled ‘What Wales Can Be taught and How Does it Evaluate to Different Nations’, Chapter 4 initially compares the assist packages of the Residence Nations, earlier than analyzing accessible assist mechanisms in different elements of the world. The chapter highlights the issues of evaluating assist in Wales to many different European nations, who’ve a historical past of supplying far larger sums of cash to artists and art-based organisations—which clearly leaves UK venues and different music business stakeholders extra uncovered throughout a pandemic similar to Covid-19. The chapter additionally highlights a few of the issues with evaluating ‘like for like’, with many funding packages elsewhere on this planet not being clear how music is included. The chapter concludes with an outline of initiatives from nations around the globe, which have been integrated to assist and kick begin their respective music industries.

The report concludes by contemplating the next suggestions for the Tradition, Welsh Language and Communications Committee to think about, prior to creating ideas to Welsh Authorities. These will be outlined as follows.

Suggestions for Motion

Reopening and Restoration Methods

Advice 1: For the Welsh Authorities to develop an in depth and clear short-term reopening technique for the Welsh music industries, which outlines what is feasible now; what isn’t attainable but; what’s going to by no means be attainable and what assist shall be accessible for all of those outcomes. This technique ought to intently take into account how sub-sectors which might be open for enterprise can maximise revenue, along with contemplating intently the way it can assist the strategically essential elements of the industries which might be closed for public well being causes get again on their toes.

Advice 2: Together with related experience from the music industries, the college sector and the Arts Council of Wales, for the Welsh Authorities to develop a long- time period three-year music industries restoration technique, which takes the continuing impression of Covid- 19 into consideration. This plan ought to have a variety of outcomes and take into account through an motion plan elements similar to the way it can maintain, retain and incubate expertise; how public confidence will be re-established; how the varied elements of the music industries will be supported and invigorated; how life like different enterprise fashions will be applied; how business coaching can meet the wants of the ‘new sector’; and the way the technical infrastructures of venues/rehearsal rooms/recording studios can develop into ‘covid-proof’.

Advice 3: For the Welsh Authorities to fee detailed analysis into the position music performs within the Welsh economic system and the impression of Covid-19 on its sub-sectors. Along with outlining the monetary, societal and cultural contribution of the music industries varied sub-sectors, the analysis ought to determine gaps within the ‘expertise pipeline’ that exist because of sub-sectors closing. The overarching goal of this work needs to be to confirm how a lot revenue the Welsh music industries generate; how a lot at present stays inside Wales; and what will be accomplished to make sure the nation (i.e music business stakeholders) can retain extra of it.

Advice 4: For the Welsh Authorities to construct on the venue mapping analysis that has already taken place, by financing a searchable public dealing with database of the Welsh music industries and an interactive map of its music venues, which outlines venue sorts all through the nation and the way these resonate regionally, nationally, globally and ecologically. This map and database needs to be recurrently up to date.

Advice 5: For Artistic Wales to develop and agree upon a complete Taxonomy of the music industries in Wales, to make sure all related sub-sectors are supported and represented.

Advice 6: For Artistic Wales to evaluation its membership to make sure it displays related experience associated to the aforementioned taxonomy.

Advice 7: For Artistic Wales to think about the viability of not solely selling Welsh expertise, but additionally, following European nations similar to France, Norway, Denmark and Switzerland, to set the mandatory protocols in place for Welsh music to be prioritised on radio and T.V, working with UK Authorities when mandatory.

Advice 8: As a part of a digital technique, for the Welsh Authorities to discover an internet ‘tradition at dwelling’ initiative (together with each stay and recorded work), which not solely showcases Welsh music alongside different artwork and tradition, but additionally encourages and funds digital capability and creativity. This digital technique ought to make sure that all households in Wales have entry to quick dependable broadband.


Advice 9: To make sure most of the people proceed to have entry to a broad vary of stay music, for the Welsh Authorities to work with native councils with a view to motion ongoing enterprise price reduction and versatile licensing (for pop up occasions and busking for instance), along with making certain the ‘agent of change’ precept is applied.

Advice 10: For the Welsh Authorities to think about the viability of adjusting from a ‘combined economic system’ grant funding mannequin, to 1 which depends much less on industrial revenue.

Advice 11: For the Welsh Authorities to work with the UK Authorities departments similar to DCMS to cut back the ‘worth hole’ for Welsh artists (the hole between a music creator’s revenue and the fee of ‘tech giants’).


Advice 12: For the Welsh Authorities to make sure that the varied abilities required within the ‘new music industries’, are mirrored in class, school, college and personal business curriculums.

Advice 13: For the Welsh Authorities to start to think about and plan for the potential of a psychological well being disaster within the music industries, because the artistic job market continues to be decimated because of the pandemic.


Advice 14: For the Welsh Authorities to work with Arts Council Wales to make sure funding is on the market equitably throughout the music industries, and that the grant software course of is demystified, reaching deep into the varied networks of the music industries.

Transient Reflections

After I take into consideration the four-month means of writing the report retrospectively, there have been quite a lot of challenges. The primary is that that is the one analysis I’ve ever undertaken the place there was just about no literature once I began—though it was gratifying to see it slowly emerge as I progressed. I tried to seize this rising work within the report. Secondly, though I used to be grateful for the business information that emerged because the pandemic progressed, it was irritating to notice that this ‘world’, ‘European’ and UK information didn’t reply one essential query—how does this relate to Wales? As I outlined within the aforementioned report I documented for the Welsh Music Basis in 2011, the Welsh music industries have a definite set of challenges, which were round for a few years. Certainly, most of the suggestions I outlined on this earlier report (such because the significance of ‘mapping’, sympathetic licensing, particular Welsh business information and venues strategically working collectively) have nonetheless to be actioned.

As my analysis progressed, it grew to become obvious that particular Welsh information was important if a) we have been to know the impression of the pandemic on the nation, and b) are capable of formulate an in depth consideration of how the nation can get better from it. Because the reader can see above, I’ve beneficial that Welsh Authorities motion this problem, however whether or not this occurs stays to be seen. The third problem when writing the report was protecting updated with the ever-changing panorama of presidency coverage and understanding the usually refined variations between ‘UK’ (which regularly meant English) and Welsh tips. I tried to seize the emergence of Welsh Authorities recommendation and monetary assist mechanisms over a 4 month interval and there’s no query that though it is vitally nicely meant—a lot of the steerage is obscure, open to interpretation and doesn’t provide any clear steerage for the sub sector most impacted by the pandemic—Freelancers. This isn’t to criticise Welsh Authorities, as this problem continues to be important and unprecedented, however as quite a lot of commentators have famous— Covid-19 considerably magnified data gaps in authorities understandings of particular industries.

I shut this transient weblog publish in anticipation of the longer term, ready to see how Welsh Authorities reply to the recommendation it has been given during the last two years and contemplating how I can personally ‘fill any gaps’ that aren’t actioned. Any enhancements within the stay music industries in Wales would be the results of a joint effort, which incorporates the Tradition, Welsh Language and Communications Committee and all of those who gave proof and submitted statements of assist—be it the Musicians’ Union, specialists from the industries, or certainly teachers similar to myself.




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